Bellows are a device that is designed to provide strong blasts of air  through the compression of the assembly. Bellows can come in a wide variety of types, allowing them to serve applications such as metallurgy, fluids transfer, aviation, and more. In regard to aviation, bellows can be used in a number of ways such as converting pressure and temperature into motion, assisting altimeter functionality, and transferring oil  through the engine for cooling. Due to the various roles that such components serve, it is useful to understand what they are and how they function.


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A blood gas analyzer is a device that may be used to determine the amount of arterial gases that are present within blood. While such devices are commonly used for numerous medical procedures, they can also be important for aviation for the means of identifying individuals at risk of developing in-flight hypoxemia. As hypoxemia can be very dangerous to the health of an individual, it is important that such risks are found to avoid dangerous operations or flight risks.


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A clamp is a fastening device used to hold or secure objects together and prevent movement or separation through the application of inward pressure. There are many different types of clamps available for different applications. Some are temporary, used to position components while fixing them together, while others are intended to be permanent. In this blog we will cover the main types of clamps and take a look at the unique characteristics of each one.


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When extracting crude oils or gases from a natural source, the resulting materials may not always be clean and ready to be commercially used. Through purification processes, liquids and gases can be separated and filtered in order to refine products. To achieve the separation of unneeded materials and refining of oils and gases, an equipment piece known as a coalescer is used.


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An actuator is a basic component for machinery, allowing for a mechanism or system to carry out a procedure. At their most basic form, an actuator is a “mover”, such as when they serve to open the mechanism or assembly. With most actuator types, a power source is needed to create the movement necessary for carrying out a task. As such, hydraulic, pneumatic, electric, magnetic, and mechanical actuators all serve as useful “movers” for diverse applications. In this blog, we will provide an overview of the primary actuator types, allowing you to find the best fit for your needs.


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Since the advent of automobiles with automatic transmissions, drivers no longer need to worry about utilizing a clutch to switch gears and avoid stalls during stops. While the clutch is no longer a part of standard automobile assemblies, there are still components that provide its functionality in connecting the power source to the load. Known as a Torque Converter, the fluid coupling takes place of the clutch in automatic vehicles in order to transfer rotational power to the transmission as to prevent stalls and assist the transmission through changing speeds.


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With the growing number of electronics on modern aircraft, Electrical systems are becoming ever more demanding. With a battery, an aircraft can start its engine, power up its electrical system, and kick-start generator operation to begin recharging. As such, batteries are crucial elements to many aircraft and their operations, providing power for a number of procedures from start to finish. Due to their importance, it is paramount that one ensure that their batteries are well maintained and stored, guaranteeing that they provide as long of a service life as possible.


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For wheeled vehicles to function properly and efficiently, they require an axle shaft assembly in order to rotate wheels and gears. For a typical wheeled automobile, the axle may be attached to the wheels to rotate alongside them, or they may be implemented so that the wheels revolve around the axle. With an Axle Shaft Wheel Assembly, torque can be transmitted to the wheels for movement while ensuring that their positioning is maintained. In this blog, we will discuss what axle shafts are, as well as how they provide functionality to wheeled vehicles.


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The Conveyor system is a mechanical apparatus that is used to move items from one location to another, and they have greatly benefitted the transportation of materials across applications by providing automated solutions. Conveyor systems are fairly commonplace for a number of industrial and consumer applications, and they may often be found in areas such as packaging factories, supermarkets, airports, and more. Across their uses, Conveyor Belts have made moving materials much more efficient and streamlined, especially in regards to heavy and bulky items.


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A spring is an elastic object, commonly made of spring steel, that stores mechanical energy. While there are many different spring designs, the term most commonly refers to coil springs. When a conventional spring is compressed or stretched from its natural position, the spring exerts a force roughly proportional to its change in length. This change in force, divided by the change in deflection, is called the rate or spring constant. While the general function of all springs is similar, types of springs can vary greatly in characteristics, applications, and more. This blog will explain some of the most common springs, and what sets them apart from one another.


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When constructing an aircraft or related equipment and systems, it is often the smallest components that are overlooked for their contribution to the entire assembly. The Federal Supply Class (FSC) 5315 Nails, Machine Keys, and Pins includes a variety of hardware fasteners that can be very useful for constructing assemblies. Fasteners are a critical component for holding together the structure of an aircraft, as well as distributing loads. In a single aircraft, almost half of the components may be fasteners, such as is the case for the Boeing 747. In this blog, we will discuss what each of these FSC components are, some of their various types, and their provided functions and applications.


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Through history, the Aircraft Fuselage structure has seen constant development as it has evolved from the basic wire braced structure of the Wright brothers to the modern semi-monocoque design of current commercial aircraft. From the choice of aircraft fuselage material to the development of new airframe structural components, each design of the modern structure was made to achieve a specific purpose. In this blog, we will discuss the modern structure of the aircraft fuselage and tail, as well as some of the fuselage designs that have been used in recent history and today.


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The Aircraft engine controls, located in the cockpit of an aircraft, control and monitor all operations of an aircraft’s powerplant. In this article we will go over the basic controls used on an internal-combustion engine powering a propeller. We will find out what is involved with starting an aircraft and various controls utilized by a pilot, including important gauges that keep a pilot in the know.


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Aircraft engines come in 3 different types: piston or reciprocating engines, and two Turbine Engines: turboprops and turbo fans. These engines provide efficient flight for various aircraft duties and must be considered when analyzing specific altitude and speed needs. Reciprocating engines are used for smaller aircraft, training aircraft and older transport category aircraft where higher altitudes and speeds are unnecessary. Gas turbine engines, however, are built for speed and higher flight paths. The major difference between the two are: piston engines convert pressure into rotating motion using pistons, while a gas turbine engine, or combustion turbine, uses the pressure from the exploding fuel to turn a turbine and produce thrust.


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In most machinery, energy is created in a different place than it is used. The process of energy moving from the place it is generated to the place it is applied is called mechanical power transmission. Typically, this process involves creation of energy in an electric motor or internal Combustion Engine, which then gets passed to another part of the machine via linkages and transmission elements.


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Landing gear systems are obviously critical for an aircraft to have. After all, what goes up must inevitably come back down. More than that, however, landing gear goes through tremendous stresses in terms of heat, weight, and friction during landing procedures, and must therefore be designed and manufactured to the highest standards possible. In this blog, we’ll explore the production process for landing gear, from start to finish.


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Modern aircraft make use of multiple advanced systems for flying like GPS, ADS-B, and LCD display to the point that an aircraft can practically fly itself. While greater cockpit automation undeniably makes flying safer, these systems can also cause problems if they are not used properly and monitored closely. In this blog, we’ll break down several tips for managing cockpit automation and maintaining safety during flight.


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As aircraft have grown more complex over the decades, it is inevitable that their warning systems have become more complex as well. If a malfunction or error occurs, the pilot or pilots need to be informed, after all. But in the early years of aviation, these warning systems were haphazardly scattered throughout the cockpit, often with no indication of a problem’s severity.


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Failures within an exhaust system can lead to serious issues such as poisoning, power loss, and fires. So, it’s extremely important to make sure that all parts in the system are in good condition. Although it’s imperative to get it checked out by a professional periodically, there are a few things you can do to ensure that there are not any immediate issues that need to be addressed. Here are four tips to keep in mind when inspecting your own aircraft exhaust systems.


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There are many factors that aircraft designers have to take into consideration when choosing the material used for aircraft construction. Some of these factors are strength, weight, malleability, cost, and chemical composition— which affects its susceptibility to corrosion, its thermal capacity, etc.


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There are many different options to choose from when deciding which business jet to purchase. They vary in shape, size, efficiency, range, comfort, luxury, and price point. The Gulfstream G500 is optimized for stylish performance, balancing speed, maneuverability, and comfort. With 8 passengers, their luggage, and a full tank of gas, the G500 will travel 5,200 nautical miles (NM) at Mach 0.85. With double the payload, the G500 can still travel a considerable distance of 4,950 nm. The aircraft’s cabin is designed to accommodate business or leisure travel; it can sit up to 19 people, sleep up to 8, and has high-speed communication and entertainment equipment. The G500 has a unique cross-section design that allows for increased mobility and comfort. The cabin’s features also help reduce the effects of jet lag. The 14 large panoramic windows bring in more natural light and fresh air is replenished every two minutes.


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We all know that an aircraft has many vital components, but people typically only think about the engine, wings, or electronic components. People don’t often think about the landing gear. The aircraft landing gear is a vital component with important responsibilities. They must withstand the entire weight of the airplane during landing and takeoff, which can be as heavy as 600 tons, fully loaded.


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Electronic connectors are electromechanical devices used to quickly and easily disconnect or interrupt a circuit path. Because they have such a wide range of applications, connectors come in a variety of sizes, shapes, complexities, and quality levels to suit those applications. For example, those used in more rugged and extreme conditions require protection from vibrations, extreme temperatures, dirt, water, and contaminants.


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