Bolt fasteners are useful components for securing assemblies, ensuring that two or more items are kept together while taking on their structural loads. In some applications, the amount of vibration that is present during operations may pose a risk to a bolt in terms of loosening. With a type of bolt known as a lockbolt, the fastener can lock itself in an assembly to prevent loosening and provide increased strength and a longer service life as compared to conventional fastener variations. In this blog, we will discuss the lockbolt in detail, allowing you to better understand how such fasteners are used across various applications.


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A gearmotor is a device that combines the features of an electric motor and gearbox together, allowing for high-torque, low-speed applications to benefit from their assembly. When space and power is limited, the gearmotor can be used to multiply output torque while remaining compact, increasing the efficiency of various systems. In this blog, we will discuss the various considerations that should be made when choosing between gearmotor devices, ensuring that your application can excel in operations with ease.


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Varnish is a type of liquid coating material, composed of resin that is capable of drying into a hard transparent film. While varnish is commonly associated with woodworking for the means of protecting surfaces and improving their appearance, insulating varnish is also quite useful for electrical applications. For devices such as motors, transformers, generators, sensors, and various other apparatuses that rely on electromagnetic induction for their functionality, insulating varnish and impregnating resins serve to protect and enhance electrical insulation and structural integrity.


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Bleed screws are a common fastener that serves multiple applications such as household central heating radiators, car engines, car radiators, braking systems, and more. Often used for hydraulic systems, bleed screws are employed within assemblies for the means of establishing temporary openings in normally closed systems. For hydraulic assemblies in particular, the bleed screw enables air or other substances to be expelled from the system through the use of pressure and density differences. In this blog, we will discuss bleed screws and how they are used for their common applications, allowing you to better understand their implementation and importance.


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One of the first things student pilots must master is the concept of aircraft axes: the understanding that flying an aircraft is a three-dimensional task. Unlike a car or boat, aircraft are affected by three dimensions. A working understanding of these axes, pitch, yaw, and roll, is key to operating any aircraft, regardless of its size. Whether it’s an advanced fighter jet or a basic glider, these axes affect every aircraft in the sky.


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Bellows are a device that is designed to provide strong blasts of air  through the compression of the assembly. Bellows can come in a wide variety of types, allowing them to serve applications such as metallurgy, fluids transfer, aviation, and more. In regard to aviation, bellows can be used in a number of ways such as converting pressure and temperature into motion, assisting altimeter functionality, and transferring oil  through the engine for cooling. Due to the various roles that such components serve, it is useful to understand what they are and how they function.


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A blood gas analyzer is a device that may be used to determine the amount of arterial gases that are present within blood. While such devices are commonly used for numerous medical procedures, they can also be important for aviation for the means of identifying individuals at risk of developing in-flight hypoxemia. As hypoxemia can be very dangerous to the health of an individual, it is important that such risks are found to avoid dangerous operations or flight risks.


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A clamp is a fastening device used to hold or secure objects together and prevent movement or separation through the application of inward pressure. There are many different types of clamps available for different applications. Some are temporary, used to position components while fixing them together, while others are intended to be permanent. In this blog we will cover the main types of clamps and take a look at the unique characteristics of each one.


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When extracting crude oils or gases from a natural source, the resulting materials may not always be clean and ready to be commercially used. Through purification processes, liquids and gases can be separated and filtered in order to refine products. To achieve the separation of unneeded materials and refining of oils and gases, an equipment piece known as a coalescer is used.


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An actuator is a basic component for machinery, allowing for a mechanism or system to carry out a procedure. At their most basic form, an actuator is a “mover”, such as when they serve to open the mechanism or assembly. With most actuator types, a power source is needed to create the movement necessary for carrying out a task. As such, hydraulic, pneumatic, electric, magnetic, and mechanical actuators all serve as useful “movers” for diverse applications. In this blog, we will provide an overview of the primary actuator types, allowing you to find the best fit for your needs.


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Since the advent of automobiles with automatic transmissions, drivers no longer need to worry about utilizing a clutch to switch gears and avoid stalls during stops. While the clutch is no longer a part of standard automobile assemblies, there are still components that provide its functionality in connecting the power source to the load. Known as a Torque Converter, the fluid coupling takes place of the clutch in automatic vehicles in order to transfer rotational power to the transmission as to prevent stalls and assist the transmission through changing speeds.


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With the growing number of electronics on modern aircraft, Electrical systems are becoming ever more demanding. With a battery, an aircraft can start its engine, power up its electrical system, and kick-start generator operation to begin recharging. As such, batteries are crucial elements to many aircraft and their operations, providing power for a number of procedures from start to finish. Due to their importance, it is paramount that one ensure that their batteries are well maintained and stored, guaranteeing that they provide as long of a service life as possible.


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For wheeled vehicles to function properly and efficiently, they require an axle shaft assembly in order to rotate wheels and gears. For a typical wheeled automobile, the axle may be attached to the wheels to rotate alongside them, or they may be implemented so that the wheels revolve around the axle. With an Axle Shaft Wheel Assembly, torque can be transmitted to the wheels for movement while ensuring that their positioning is maintained. In this blog, we will discuss what axle shafts are, as well as how they provide functionality to wheeled vehicles.


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Used in just about any modern setting and office, an electric light is a gadget that produces light as a result of an electric flow. Electric lights can typically be marketed as lamps, which, as a manufacturing rule, have a base made of fire, metal, glass, or plastic. The electrical connection with the attachment in a lamp might be made with a screw-string base, two metal pins, two metal tops or a blade top. For more information on the Types of Electric lamps that are available in the electronics market, read below.


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The Conveyor system is a mechanical apparatus that is used to move items from one location to another, and they have greatly benefitted the transportation of materials across applications by providing automated solutions. Conveyor systems are fairly commonplace for a number of industrial and consumer applications, and they may often be found in areas such as packaging factories, supermarkets, airports, and more. Across their uses, Conveyor Belts have made moving materials much more efficient and streamlined, especially in regards to heavy and bulky items.


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A spring is an elastic object, commonly made of spring steel, that stores mechanical energy. While there are many different spring designs, the term most commonly refers to coil springs. When a conventional spring is compressed or stretched from its natural position, the spring exerts a force roughly proportional to its change in length. This change in force, divided by the change in deflection, is called the rate or spring constant. While the general function of all springs is similar, types of springs can vary greatly in characteristics, applications, and more. This blog will explain some of the most common springs, and what sets them apart from one another.


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When constructing an aircraft or related equipment and systems, it is often the smallest components that are overlooked for their contribution to the entire assembly. The Federal Supply Class (FSC) 5315 Nails, Machine Keys, and Pins includes a variety of hardware fasteners that can be very useful for constructing assemblies. Fasteners are a critical component for holding together the structure of an aircraft, as well as distributing loads. In a single aircraft, almost half of the components may be fasteners, such as is the case for the Boeing 747. In this blog, we will discuss what each of these FSC components are, some of their various types, and their provided functions and applications.


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A wire connector is a fastener used to make a strong, low-impedance connection between two or more Electrical Wires in an electrical box. Not only are they made from flame-retardant materials, wire connectors also prevent wires from contacting one another or contacting exposed metal surfaces, both of which could cause a dangerous failure or short circuit. Wire connectors come in a wide array of shapes, sizes, and types. Their exterior cover is most commonly made from insulating plastic, though the connective pieces are tapered, coiled, metal springs or interior grooves that thread directly onto the wires, holding them securely in place. When the connector links the wires, it does so by twisting onto the end of the wires, drawing them into the metal spring and tightening them together within the spring. The Electrical Power is maintained by the wire-to-wire contact with the metal spring.


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Through history, the Aircraft Fuselage structure has seen constant development as it has evolved from the basic wire braced structure of the Wright brothers to the modern semi-monocoque design of current commercial aircraft. From the choice of aircraft fuselage material to the development of new airframe structural components, each design of the modern structure was made to achieve a specific purpose. In this blog, we will discuss the modern structure of the aircraft fuselage and tail, as well as some of the fuselage designs that have been used in recent history and today.


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The Aircraft engine controls, located in the cockpit of an aircraft, control and monitor all operations of an aircraft’s powerplant. In this article we will go over the basic controls used on an internal-combustion engine powering a propeller. We will find out what is involved with starting an aircraft and various controls utilized by a pilot, including important gauges that keep a pilot in the know.


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Aircraft engines come in 3 different types: piston or reciprocating engines, and two Turbine Engines: turboprops and turbo fans. These engines provide efficient flight for various aircraft duties and must be considered when analyzing specific altitude and speed needs. Reciprocating engines are used for smaller aircraft, training aircraft and older transport category aircraft where higher altitudes and speeds are unnecessary. Gas turbine engines, however, are built for speed and higher flight paths. The major difference between the two are: piston engines convert pressure into rotating motion using pistons, while a gas turbine engine, or combustion turbine, uses the pressure from the exploding fuel to turn a turbine and produce thrust.


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In most machinery, energy is created in a different place than it is used. The process of energy moving from the place it is generated to the place it is applied is called mechanical power transmission. Typically, this process involves creation of energy in an electric motor or internal Combustion Engine, which then gets passed to another part of the machine via linkages and transmission elements.


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Most aircraft are powered by a gas turbine engine. Although each engine is made up of many intricate parts, when broken down to their base components, they are relatively simple. A gas-turbine engine’s major components are the compressor, combustion chamber, and the turbine.


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Aircraft flaps are the part of the aircraft that helps create extra lift during a flight takeoff. By increasing the camber of the wing, the upper limit of lift of a wing increases and enables the aircraft to safely maintain flight at lower speeds. The deployment of flaps also differs on the type of flap that an aircraft has. The four basic types of flaps include plain, split, fowler, and slotted.


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Landing gear systems are obviously critical for an aircraft to have. After all, what goes up must inevitably come back down. More than that, however, landing gear goes through tremendous stresses in terms of heat, weight, and friction during landing procedures, and must therefore be designed and manufactured to the highest standards possible. In this blog, we’ll explore the production process for landing gear, from start to finish.


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Modern aircraft make use of multiple advanced systems for flying like GPS, ADS-B, and LCD display to the point that an aircraft can practically fly itself. While greater cockpit automation undeniably makes flying safer, these systems can also cause problems if they are not used properly and monitored closely. In this blog, we’ll break down several tips for managing cockpit automation and maintaining safety during flight.


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As aircraft have grown more complex over the decades, it is inevitable that their warning systems have become more complex as well. If a malfunction or error occurs, the pilot or pilots need to be informed, after all. But in the early years of aviation, these warning systems were haphazardly scattered throughout the cockpit, often with no indication of a problem’s severity.


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Failures within an exhaust system can lead to serious issues such as poisoning, power loss, and fires. So, it’s extremely important to make sure that all parts in the system are in good condition. Although it’s imperative to get it checked out by a professional periodically, there are a few things you can do to ensure that there are not any immediate issues that need to be addressed. Here are four tips to keep in mind when inspecting your own aircraft exhaust systems.


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There are many factors that aircraft designers have to take into consideration when choosing the material used for aircraft construction. Some of these factors are strength, weight, malleability, cost, and chemical composition— which affects its susceptibility to corrosion, its thermal capacity, etc.


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There are many different options to choose from when deciding which business jet to purchase. They vary in shape, size, efficiency, range, comfort, luxury, and price point. The Gulfstream G500 is optimized for stylish performance, balancing speed, maneuverability, and comfort. With 8 passengers, their luggage, and a full tank of gas, the G500 will travel 5,200 nautical miles (NM) at Mach 0.85. With double the payload, the G500 can still travel a considerable distance of 4,950 nm. The aircraft’s cabin is designed to accommodate business or leisure travel; it can sit up to 19 people, sleep up to 8, and has high-speed communication and entertainment equipment. The G500 has a unique cross-section design that allows for increased mobility and comfort. The cabin’s features also help reduce the effects of jet lag. The 14 large panoramic windows bring in more natural light and fresh air is replenished every two minutes.


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We all know that an aircraft has many vital components, but people typically only think about the engine, wings, or electronic components. People don’t often think about the landing gear. The aircraft landing gear is a vital component with important responsibilities. They must withstand the entire weight of the airplane during landing and takeoff, which can be as heavy as 600 tons, fully loaded.


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Electrical connectors are the electrical-mechanical devices that join electrical terminations together to create an electrical circuit. Most connectors have two main parts, the housing and the terminals. The housing is the structure or case that contains the terminals, ensuring stability and protecting the contacts from short-circuiting and other hazards. And the terminals are the pins in a connector that provides electrical conduction to make the connections secure.


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Electronic connectors are electromechanical devices used to quickly and easily disconnect or interrupt a circuit path. Because they have such a wide range of applications, connectors come in a variety of sizes, shapes, complexities, and quality levels to suit those applications. For example, those used in more rugged and extreme conditions require protection from vibrations, extreme temperatures, dirt, water, and contaminants.


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There are six basic instruments pilots use during each flight in order to control the aircraft: the airspeed indicator, artificial horizon, altimeter, turn coordinator, direction indicator, and vertical speed indicator. The airspeed indicator (ASI) displays how quickly the aircraft is travelling. The majority of ASIs display speed in knots (kn). The colored bands around the display indicate safety information. The green band displays safe operating speeds while the white band specifies safe speeds to deploy wing flaps. The yellow band indicates the aircraft is operating at a higher speed than it is designed for and the red bar should be completely avoided.


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