An Overview of the Conveyor System and its Uses

The Conveyor system is a mechanical apparatus that is used to move items from one location to another, and they have greatly benefitted the transportation of materials across applications by providing automated solutions. Conveyor systems are fairly commonplace for a number of industrial and consumer applications, and they may often be found in areas such as packaging factories, supermarkets, airports, and more. Across their uses, Conveyor Belts have made moving materials much more efficient and streamlined, especially in regards to heavy and bulky items.

Depending on the operations of a facility, there are a number of conveyor system types that may fulfill varying roles. One major use of a Conveyor Assembly is to move materials from one level to another quickly, removing the need for workers to manually move such items up and down which can be strenuous and time consuming. The blade conveyor is an example of a system that fulfills this role, most often used to convey granular products from one level to another in an inclined direction. These types often come in the form of galvanized metal body conveyor systems with a steel roller chain and a nylon blade. Similar to blade types, vertical conveyors are another system that is beneficial for moving materials up and down from different levels. Unlike the blade type, the vertical conveyor utilizes two adjacent, parallel conveyors to move items in a vertical direction only.

The Chain Conveyor is another type that is typically reserved for moving items through a production line, and an endless chain is utilized to transmit power and drive items through a trough. With their construction, the chain conveyor system is most efficient at a distance of up to 300 feet, and typically operates in distances under 90 feet. The most common materials that are transported on such conveyor systems include heavy unit loads such as industrial containers, pallets, and grid boxes. To accommodate for the weight of heavy loads, the conveyor may implement either a single or double chain strand that the load is positioned on. With the use of friction, the load is moved along the conveyor.

The belt conveyor system is another commonly used type, consisting of two or more pulleys and a conveyor belt that revolves around them. By powering the pulleys, the belt moves and transports materials forward. Typically, one pulley is powered and is referred to as the “Drive Pulley”, while the unpowered pulley is the “idler pulley”. Belt conveyors are beneficial for a variety of applications, including those such as retail, wholesale, manufacturing, and more. Such conveyor systems may also be manufactured with curved sections featuring tapered rollers and curved belting, allowing for materials to be moved around corners. These types of conveyors are often seen in areas such as airport baggage handling systems and postal sorting offices.


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March 9, 2021

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